This scale measures chronic heart failure symptom severity. The scale is composed of12 items asking for 12 CHF symptoms: SOB with exertion, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea (PND), edema, weight gain, fatigue or weakness, cough, nausea, anorexia, dizziness, palpitation, and chest pain.
Year: 2001 Authors: Friedman et al. Disease: Heart Failure Outcome: Breathlessness (Dyspnea)
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Measure: Dyspnea
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Number of RCTs that used this tool (in our study): 2
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Scale: Lower scores are better Reference: Friedman, M. M., & Griffin, J. A. (2001). Relationship of physical symptoms and physical functioning to depression in patients with heart failure. Heart & Lung, 30(2), 98-104.
Target population: General population Focus Disease specific Translations available: Yes Original version validated: Unclear Original language: English Form of delivery: Self-reported Licence needed: Unclear 10.1067/mhl.2001.114180