In this section, we present the “Recommendations” for the four chronic conditions: Type 2 diabetes mellitus, obesity, COPD and Heart failure.

The strength of a recommendation reflects the extent to which a guideline panel is confident that desirable effects of an intervention outweigh undesirable effects, or vice versa, across the range of patients for whom the recommendation is intended.

All the recommendations have been performed using the GRADE approach with the participation of a panel of experts including patient representatives.

GRADE specifies two categories of the strength of a recommendation. While GRADE suggests using the terms strong and weak recommendations, those making recommendations may choose different wording to characterize the two categories of strength.

  • Strong Recommendation= “We recommend to use or not to use the intervention”
  • Conditional Recommendation = “We suggest to use or not to use the intervention”

If you want to learn more about the wording of recommendations, please visit:

GRADE handbook

Implications of the recommendations categories for each stakeholder.