The RAND-36 is comprised of 36 items that assess eight health concepts: physical functioning, role limitations caused by physical health problems, role limitations caused by emotional problems, social functioning, emotional well-being, energy/fatigue, pain, and general health perceptions. Physical and mental health summary scores are also derived from the eight RAND-36 scales.
Year: 1998 Authors: Hays et al. Disease: T2DM Outcome: Quality of life
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Measure: Psychological distress
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Number of RCTs that used this tool (in our study): 32
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Scale: Higher scores are better, scores range 0-100 Reference: Hays R, Sherbourne C, Mazel R. (1995). User's Manual for the Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) Core Measures of Health-Related Quality of Life (1). "Webonly": Rand-Coorporation.
Target population: General population Focus Generic Translations available: Yes Original version validated: Yes Original language: English Form of delivery: Self-reported Licence needed: Yes

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