The PSS is awidely-used measure of psychological stress designed for community samples. We used the10 item version of the scale in which participants respond how often (1 = “never” to 5 =“very often”) during the past month they experienced thoughts and feelings such as “felt thatyou were unable to control the important things in your life” and “been unable to control irritations in your life. Do not know the range of this 10-item version.
Year: 1998 Authors: Cohen et al Disease: T2DM Outcome: Quality of life
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Measure: Psychological distress
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Number of RCTs that used this tool (in our study): 5
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Scale: Lower scores are better, scores range 0-56 Reference: Cohen S and Williamson GM (1988). Perceived stress in a probability sample of the United States. In S. Spacapan & S. Oskamp (Eds.), The Social Psychology of Health. Newbury Park, CA: Sage
Target population: General population Focus Generic Translations available: Yes Original version validated: Yes Original language: English Form of delivery: Self-reported Licence needed: Unclear