No RCTs were found
Self-management interventions Outcomes measured in the study  
The impact of a self-management group programme on health behaviour and healthcare utilization among congestive heart failure patients Smeulders, E. S. T. F. Heart Failure
Action-based behavioural techniques and social support lead by peers delivered in groups
Body Weight (Management), Hospital admissions, Physical Activities, Quality of life, Self-efficacy
Effects of Coping Skills Training on Quality of Life, Disease Biomarkers, and Clinical Outcomes in Patients With Heart Failure: A Randomized Clinical Trial Sherwood, A. Heart Failure
Education delivered remotely

Action-based and emotional-based behavioural techniques delivered remotely
Adherence to medication or other treatment, Exercise capacity (including effort test), Hospital admissions, Mortality, Quality of life
A Home-Based Diaphragmatic Breathing Retraining in Rural Patients With Heart Failure Seo, Y. Heart Failure
Monitoring, action-based and emotional-based behavioural techniques delivered in groups
Breathlessness (Dyspnea), Exercise capacity (including effort test), Physical Activities, Quality of life
Standard vs. intensified management of heart failure to reduce healthcare costs: results of a multicentre, randomized controlled trial Scuffham, P. A. Heart Failure
Monitoring techniques

Monitoring techniques
Hospital admissions, Mortality, Quality of life, Value for money of the self-management intervention