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Long-Term Impact of a Community Health Worker Intervention on Diabetes Control in American Samoa

Author: Rao, M. Country/countries: N/A Number of patients participating in the study: 268 This study was focused on patients living with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Intervention analysed in the study: Usual Care Plus Intervention components: UCP
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Setting of implementation: N/A Professionals delivering the intervention: N/A Targeted self-management behaviours: N/A
Intervention analysed in the study: Action-based behavioural techniques delivered in groups Intervention components: E+AB+G
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Setting of implementation: Community-based care, Home-care Professionals delivering the intervention: Community health worker, Nurses Targeted self-management behaviours: Eating behaviours, Handling /managing emotions, Medication use and adherence, Physical activity /exercise, Self-monitoring

Outcomes measured in the study

Desenlace Medida Tool
Adherence Medication (or other treatment) adherence N/A
Blood-pressure Systolic pressure N/A
Blood-pressure Diastolic pressure N/A
HbA1C Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) N/A
Patient activation Patient activation level Patient Activation Measure (PAM)
Physical activity Physical activity N/A
Scheduled care Nurse visits N/A
Smoking cessation Smoking cessation N/A
Unscheduled care Unplanned visits to GP N/A
Weight (management) BMI - Body Mass Index N/A
Weight (management) Waist size N/A

Patient characteristics

Age: 55.0 years (+/- a standard deviation of 12.7) Gender: 62.0% female Time since diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: N/A Severity of the disease: 9.84 (+/- a standard deviation of 2.22) Multi-morbidity: N/A
  • Number of co-morbidities: N/A

Level of health literacy: N/A
  • Tool: N/A

Socio-economic characteristics: N/A

Risk of Bias of this study

Desenlace Random sequence generation Allocation concealment Blinding performance Blinding detection objective outcomes assessment Attrition incomplete outcome Incorrect statistical methods Recruitment bias Selective outcome reporting
Adherence - Medication (or other treatment) adherence
Blood-pressure - Systolic pressure
Blood-pressure - Diastolic pressure
HbA1C - Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c)
Weight (management) - BMI - Body Mass Index