The CES-D is a 4-factor 20-item questionnaire widely used for people to measure depressive symptoms.
Authors: Carleton et al.
Disease: Heart Failure
Outcome: Caregiver quality of life See more tools that use this outcomeMeasure: Caregiver quality of life See more tools that use this measureNumber of RCTs that used this tool (in our study): 1 See the RCTsScale: Lower scores are better
Reference: Carleton, R. N., Thibodeau, M. A., Teale, M. J., Welch, P. G., Abrams, M. P., Robinson, T., & Asmundson, G. J. (2013). The center for epidemiologic studies depression scale: a review with a theoretical and empirical examination of item content and factor structure. PloS one, 8(3), e58067.
Target population: General population
Translations available: Yes
Original version validated: Yes
Original language: English
Form of delivery: Self-reported
Licence needed: No
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