Measures severity of depression. Two versions the BDI (1991) and BDI-II (1996). Both contain 21 questions, each answer being scored on a scale value of 0 to 3. Difference between two questionnaires: The BDI-II dropped four items (Weight Loss, Body Image Change, Somatic Preoccupation, and Work Difficulty) from the original BDI and replaced them with four new items (Agitation, Worthlessness, Concentration Difficulty, and Loss of Energy). The standardized cutoffs used differ from the original: 0–13: minimal depression, 14–19: mild depression, 20–28: moderate depression, 29–63: severe depression.
Year: 1961 Authors: Beck et al Disease: COPD Outcome: Coping with the disease, including depression and anxiety
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Measure: Depression
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Number of RCTs that used this tool (in our study): 8
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Scale: Lower scores are better, scores range 0-63 Reference: Beck, A.T., Ward, C. H., Mendelson, M., Mock, J., & Erbaugh, J. (1961) An inventory for measuring depression. Archives of General Psychiatry, 4, 561-571. Beck AT, Steer RA, Ball R, Ranieri W. (1996). Comparison of Beck Depression Inventories -IA and - II in psychiatric outpatients. J Pers Assess. 67(3):588-597.
Target population: General population Focus Generic Translations available: Yes Original version validated: Yes Original language: English Form of delivery: Self-reported Licence needed: Yes 10.1080/00029157.1974.10403697