The CSES consists of 34 items exploring five dimensions of self-efficacy: 1) negative effect, 2) intense emotional arousal, 3) physical exertion, 4) weather/ environment and 5) behavioral risk factors. The five factors show a good validity and internal consistency
Year: 1991 Authors: Wigal et al Disease: COPD Outcome: Self-efficacy
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Measure: Self-efficacy
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Number of RCTs that used this tool (in our study): 12
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Scale: Higher scores are better Reference: Wigal, J. K., Creer, T. L., & Kotses, H. (1991). The COPD Self-Efficacy Scale. Chest, 99(5), 1193–1196.
Target population: General population Focus Disease specific Notes COPD Translations available: Yes Original version validated: Yes Original language: English Form of delivery: Self-reported Licence needed: Yes 10.1378/chest.99.5.1193

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