The scale score is the mean of the four items. If more than 1 item missing, set the value of the scale to missing. Scores range from 0-5; higher score indicating more distress about health
Authors: Lorig et al
Outcome: Quality of life See more tools that use this outcomeMeasure: Psychological distress See more tools that use this measureNumber of RCTs that used this tool (in our study): 2 See the RCTsScale: Lower scores are better
Reference: Lorig K, Stewart A, Ritter P, González V, Laurent D, & Lynch J, Outcome Measures for Health
Education and other Health Care Interventions. Thousand Oaks CA: Sage Publications, 1996,
Target population: General population
Translations available: Yes
Original version validated: Yes
Original language: English
Form of delivery: Self-reported
Licence needed: No
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