The BES has 35 items that need to be rated on a 5 point scale, ranging from strong negative feelings to strong positive feelings. The scores are calculated differently for men and women. That is why there is a gender-specific question at the beginning (not part of the official test, but necessary for the online implementation).
Year: 1984 Authors: Franzoi et al. Disease: Obesity Outcome: Coping with the disease
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Measure: Coping with the disease
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Number of RCTs that used this tool (in our study): 1
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Scale: Higher scores are better, scores range 1-5 Reference: Franzoi, Stephen & Shields, Stephanie. (1984). The Body Esteem Scale: Multidimensional Structure and Sex Differences in a College Population. Journal of personality assessment. 48. 173-8.
Target population: General population Focus Generic Notes Gender specific versions Translations available: Yes Original version validated: Yes Original language: English Form of delivery: Self-reported Licence needed: No 10.1207/s15327752jpa4802_12