The MSAS is a 32 items test to evaluate symptom prevalence, severity, and distress in cancer patients. Zambroski et al. modified the original instrument to evaluate symptoms specific to HF patients.
Year: 2004 Authors: Zambroski et al. Disease: Heart Failure Outcome: Quality of life
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Measure: Quality of life
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Number of RCTs that used this tool (in our study): 1
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Scale: Lower scores are better Reference: Zambroski, C. H., Lennie, T., Chung, M. L., Heo, S., Smoot, T., & Ziegler, C. (2004, October). Use of the memorial symptom assessment scale-heart failure in heart failure patients. In Circulation (Vol. 110, No. 17, pp. 739-739). TWO COMMERCE SQ, 2001 MARKET ST, PHILADELPHIA, PA 19103 USA: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS.
Target population: General population Focus Disease specific Notes HF patients; Cancer Translations available: No Original version validated: Unclear Original language: English Form of delivery: Self-reported Licence needed: Yes