The Proactive Diabetes Management Inventory was designed to evaluate the success of getting patients to implement plannes steps in their self-care. The instrument includes 7 statements covering different aspects of the five-step plan. The first six items assess whether patients think about their goals beforehand in a proactive fashion; that is, do they anticipate the conditions needed to reach their goal and do they anticipate barriers they may encounter along the way? Items 7–12 assess whether patients anticipate and plan the strategies needed to achieve their goal. Finally, Items 13–17 assess whether patients monitor their progress and strategies and adapt these accordingly. The items range from 1 (definitely not) to 5 (definitely) 
Year: 2007 Authors: Thoolen et al Disease: T2DM Outcome: Patient activation
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Measure: Patient activation level
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Number of RCTs that used this tool (in our study): 1
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Scale: Higher scores are better Reference: Thoolen, B., de Ridder, D., Bensing, J., Gorter, K., & Rutten, G. (2008). Beyond Good Intentions: the development and evaluation of a proactive self-management course for patients recently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Health education research, 23(1), 53–61.
Target population: General population Focus Disease specific Notes Diabetes patients Translations available: Yes Original version validated: Yes Original language: Dutch Form of delivery: Self-reported Licence needed: No 10.1093/her/cyl160.