GDS-3 is a 30-item self-report measure specifically designed to screen for depression in older adults ; There are different, shorter versions (GDS-15, GDS-8, GDS-4). Easy to complete because of yes/no answers. Yes-answers are summed (0-30). Higher is worse . a range of 0-9 as "normal", 10-19 as "mildly depressed", and 20-30 as "severely depressed
Year: 1983 Authors: Yesavage Disease: COPD Outcome: Coping with the disease, including depression and anxiety
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Measure: Depression
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Number of RCTs that used this tool (in our study): 1
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Scale: Lower scores are better, scores range 0-30 Reference: Yesavage, J. A., Brink, T. L., Rose, T. L., Lum, O., Huang, V., Adey, M., & Leirer, V. O. (1982). Development and validation of a geriatric depression screening scale: a preliminary report. Journal of psychiatric research, 17(1), 37–49.
Target population: Elderly Focus Generic Translations available: Yes Original version validated: Yes Original language: English Form of delivery: Self-reported Licence needed: Yes 10.1016/0022-3956(82)90033-4