The DI is a 10-item questionnaire that quantifies the severity of symptoms in upper airway dyspnea
Authors: Gartner-Schmidt et al.
Outcome: COPD symptoms (short term) See more tools that use this outcomeMeasure: Dyspnea or breathlessness See more tools that use this measureNumber of RCTs that used this tool (in our study): 1 See the RCTsScale: Lower scores are better
Reference: Gartner-Schmidt, J. L., Shembel, A. C., Zullo, T. G., & Rosen, C. A. (2014). Development and validation of the Dyspnea Index (DI): a severity index for upper airway–related dyspnea. Journal of Voice, 28(6), 775-782.
Target population: General population
Focus Disease specific
Translations available: Yes
Original version validated: Yes
Original language: English
Form of delivery: Self-reported
Licence needed: Yes
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