The HADS is a questionnaire widely used for detecting anxiety and depressive disorders. It consists of 14 items, seven of which relate to anxiety symptoms and seven to depressive symptoms.
Authors: Zigmond et al.
Disease: Heart Failure
Outcome: Caregiver quality of life See more tools that use this outcomeMeasure: Caregiver quality of life See more tools that use this measureNumber of RCTs that used this tool (in our study): 2 See the RCTsScale: Lower scores are better, scores range 0-21
Reference: Zigmond, A. S., & Snaith, R. P. (1983). The hospital anxiety and depression scale. Acta psychiatrica scandinavica, 67(6), 361-370.
Target population: General population
Translations available: Yes
Original version validated: Yes
Original language: English
Form of delivery: Self-reported
Licence needed: Yes
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