The SMHF scale contains 22 items designed to reflect patients’ abilities to maintain illness stability and manage symptoms when they occur. The scoring of the 22 items reflect self-care maintenance behaviors that promote the avoidance of symptoms through treatment adherence and management of symptoms when they occur. Three subscales (maintenance, decision-making [later renamed management], and self-confidence) are produced. A maximum total score of 27 on this version indicates better self-management.
Year: 2000 Authors: Riegel et al. Disease: Heart Failure Outcome: Self-efficacy
See more tools that use this outcome
Measure: Self-efficacy
See more tools that use this measure
Number of RCTs that used this tool (in our study): 2
See the RCTs
Scale: Higher scores are better Reference: Riegel, B., Carlson, B., & Glaser, D. (2000). Development and testing of a clinical tool measuring self-management of heart failure. Heart & Lung, 29(1), 4-15.
Target population: General population Focus Disease specific Notes HF patients Translations available: Yes Original version validated: Yes Original language: English Form of delivery: Self-reported Licence needed: Unclear 10.1016/S0147-9563(00)90033-5