The CES-D scale is a short self-report scale designed to measure depressive symptomatology in the general population. The items of the scale are symptoms associated with depression which have been used in previously validated longer scales. A score greater than 16 is considered depression.
Year: 1977 Authors: Radloff Disease: Obesity Outcome: Quality of life-Physical and psychological functioning
See more tools that use this outcome
Measure: Depression
See more tools that use this measure
Number of RCTs that used this tool (in our study): 9
See the RCTs
Scale: Lower scores are better, scores range 1-61 Reference: Radloff, L.S. (1977) ‘The CES-D scale: A self report depression scale for research in the general population’. Applied Psychological Measurement 1: 385-401
Target population: General population Focus Generic Translations available: Yes Original version validated: Yes Original language: English Form of delivery: Self-reported Licence needed: Yes