The PCS is a six-item measure reflecting an individual’s perception of cohesion relative to the group. To capture the sense of belonging, they designed three items: (a) “I feel a sense of belonging to ..,” (b) “I feel that I am a member of the community,” and (c) “I see myself as part of the community.” To capture feelings of morale, three items were used: (a) “I am enthusiastic about ________,” (b) “I am happy to be at [live in] ________,” and (c) “________ is one of the best schools [cities] in the nation.” Responses are recorded on Likert-type scales ranging from 0 (strongly disagree) to 10 (strongly agree).
Year: 1990 Authors: Bollen et al. Disease: Obesity Outcome: Social interactions
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Measure: Social support
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Number of RCTs that used this tool (in our study): 1
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Scale: Higher scores are better, scores range 1-10 Reference: Bollen, K. A., & Hoyle, R. H. (1990). Perceived cohesion: A conceptual and empirical examination. Social Forces, 69(2), 479-504
Target population: General population Focus Generic Translations available: Yes Original version validated: Yes Original language: English Form of delivery: Self-reported Licence needed: Unclear 10.2307/2579670