Effectiveness of a community pharmacist intervention in diabetes care: a randomized controlled trial

Author: Mehuys, E. Country/countries: N/A Number of patients participating in the study: 288 This study was focused on patients living with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Intervention analysed in the study: Usual Care Plus Intervention components: UCP
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Setting of implementation: N/A Professionals delivering the intervention: N/A Targeted self-management behaviours: N/A
Intervention analysed in the study: Monitoring and emotional-based behavioural techniques Intervention components: E+MT+EB
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Setting of implementation: Community-based care Professionals delivering the intervention: Pharmacists Targeted self-management behaviours: Condition-specific behaviours, Early recognition of symptoms, Eating behaviours, Medication use and adherence, Physical activity /exercise, Smoking cessation or reduction, reminder of annual eye examination education on type2 DM complications

Outcomes measured in the study

Outcome Measure Tool
Adherence Medication (or other treatment) adherence Patient Medication Adherence Questionnaire (PMAQ)
Dietary habits Dietary habits N/A
HbA1C Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) N/A
Knowledge Knowledge Diabetes Knowledge Test (DKT)
Physical activity Physical activity N/A
Self-management behaviours Foot care N/A
Smoking cessation Smoking cessation N/A

Patient characteristics

Age: 62.4 years (+/- a standard deviation of 7.53) Gender: N/A Time since diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: N/A Severity of the disease: 7.75 (+/- a standard deviation of 1.22) Multi-morbidity: N/A
  • Number of co-morbidities: N/A

Level of health literacy: N/A
  • Tool: N/A

Socio-economic characteristics: N/A

Risk of Bias of this study

Outcome Random sequence generation Allocation concealment Blinding performance Blinding detection objective outcomes assessment Attrition incomplete outcome Incorrect statistical methods Recruitment bias Selective outcome reporting
Adherence - Medication (or other treatment) adherence
Dietary habits - Dietary habits
HbA1C - Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c)
Physical activity - Physical activity