Spanish diabetes self-management with and without automated telephone reinforcement: two randomized trials

Author: Lorig, K. Country/countries: N/A Number of patients participating in the study: 417 This study was focused on patients living with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Intervention analysed in the study: Usual Care Plus Intervention components: UCP
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Setting of implementation: Outpatient care (hospital) Professionals delivering the intervention: Physicians Targeted self-management behaviours: N/A
Intervention analysed in the study: Education, lead by peers delivered in groups Intervention components: E+P+G
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Setting of implementation: Community-based care Professionals delivering the intervention: Peer Targeted self-management behaviours: Condition-specific behaviours, Eating behaviours, Physical activity /exercise, Self-monitoring

Outcomes measured in the study

Outcome Measure Tool
HbA1C Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) N/A
Hyperglycemia Hyperglycemia N/A
Hypoglycaemia Hypoglycaemia N/A
Physical activity Physical activity N/A
Quality of life Psychological distress Health distress scale
Quality of life Quality of life N/A
Scheduled care GP visits N/A
Self-efficacy Self-efficacy N/A
Unscheduled care Visits / admissions N/A
Unscheduled care Emergency room visits N/A

Patient characteristics

Age: 52.85 years (+/- a standard deviation of 13.29) Gender: 62.0% female Time since diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: N/A Severity of the disease: 7.41 (+/- a standard deviation of 1.94) Multi-morbidity: N/A
  • Number of co-morbidities: N/A

Level of health literacy: N/A
  • Tool: N/A

Socio-economic characteristics: N/A

Risk of Bias of this study

Outcome Random sequence generation Allocation concealment Blinding performance Blinding detection objective outcomes assessment Attrition incomplete outcome Incorrect statistical methods Recruitment bias Selective outcome reporting
HbA1C - Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c)
Physical activity - Physical activity
Weight (management) - BMI - Body Mass Index

Other publications associated with this study

Lorig 2007 figure 1 Lorig 2007 figure 2