Pharmacist-Led Shared Medical Appointments for Multiple Cardiovascular Risk Reduction in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

Author: Cohen, L. B. Country/countries: N/A Number of patients participating in the study: 99 This study was focused on patients living with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Intervention analysed in the study: Usual Care Intervention components: UC
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Setting of implementation: Primary care centers (GPs) Professionals delivering the intervention: Physicians Targeted self-management behaviours: N/A
Intervention analysed in the study: Monitoring and action-based behavioural techniques and social support delivered in groups Intervention components: E+MT+AB+SS+G
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Setting of implementation: Primary care centers (GPs) Professionals delivering the intervention: Dietician/nutritionist, Nurses, Pharmacists, Physiotherapists Targeted self-management behaviours: Cessation or reduction of alcohol and other harmful consumptions, Eating behaviours, Physical activity /exercise, Self-monitoring, Smoking cessation or reduction

Outcomes measured in the study

Outcome Measure Tool
Blood-pressure Systolic pressure N/A
Dietary habits Dietary habits N/A
HbA1C Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) N/A
Lipid profile LDL-Cholesterol N/A
Physical activity Physical activity N/A
Quality of life Quality of life N/A
Self-management behaviours Foot care N/A
Self-monitoring Glucose self-monitoring Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities (SDSCA) [Blood Sugar Testing]
Weight (management) Weight (Kgs/lbs) N/A

Patient characteristics

Age: 68.51 years (+/- a standard deviation of 10.07) Gender: N/A Time since diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: N/A Severity of the disease: 7.9 (+/- a standard deviation of 1.21) Multi-morbidity: N/A
  • Number of co-morbidities: 5.0

Level of health literacy: N/A
  • Tool: N/A

Socio-economic characteristics: N/A

Risk of Bias of this study

Outcome Random sequence generation Allocation concealment Blinding performance Blinding detection objective outcomes assessment Attrition incomplete outcome Incorrect statistical methods Recruitment bias Selective outcome reporting
Blood-pressure - Systolic pressure
HbA1C - Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c)
Lipid profile - LDL-Cholesterol
Physical activity - Physical activity
Weight (management) - Weight (Kgs/lbs)