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ESAS is a nine‐item patient‐rated symptom visual analogue scale developed for use in assessing the symptoms of patients receiving palliative care.
Year: 2000 Authors: Chang et al. Disease: Heart Failure Outcome: Breathlessness (Dyspnea)
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Measure: Dyspnea
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Number of RCTs that used this tool (in our study): 1
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Scale: Lower scores are better, scores range 0-10 Reference: Chang, V. T., Hwang, S. S., & Feuerman, M. (2000). Validation of the Edmonton symptom assessment scale. Cancer: Interdisciplinary International Journal of the American Cancer Society, 88(9), 2164-2171.
Target population: General population Focus Generic Notes Specifically designed for patients receiving palliative care Translations available: Yes Original version validated: Yes Original language: English Form of delivery: Self-reported Licence needed: Unclear 10.1002/(sici)1097-0142(20000501)88:9<2164::aid-cncr24>;2-5